Frequently Asked Questions

How do I schedule an appointment for an initial exam?
If you or your child can potentially benefit from orthodontic treatment, simply call our office at (503) 558-0410  or email us at  We will be happy to schedule an appointment for you.  When you call to schedule your appointment, our front office staff will request some basic information from you.
What will happen at the initial examination appointment?
Upon arriving, each patient and parent will be seen by the staff and doctor who will acclimate you to our office and prepare for the initial exam.  We will take the photographs and x-rays necessary for a proper diagnosis.  The doctor will then complete a brief but thorough exam.  For more information, please see Your First Visit to the Orthodontist.
What will I learn from the initial examination?

There are five essential questions that we will cover during the initial examination:

    • Is there an orthodontic problem, and if so, what is it?
    • What must be done to correct the problem?
    • Will any teeth need to be removed?
    • How long will the treatment take to complete?
    • How much will the treatment cost?
At what age should I schedule an appointment for an orthodontic screening?
The American Association of Orthodontists recommends an orthodontic screening at age 7.  By this age, several permanent teeth in most children have erupted, allowing us to evaluate your orthodontic condition effectively.  For more information, please see Pediatric Orthodontics: Early Treatment.  
How much will braces cost? Are financing options available? How does my insurance work?
It is impossible to give an exact cost for treatment until we have examined you.  We will cover the exact cost and financial options during the initial examination.  We have many financing options available to accommodate your needs, and we will review these with you.  We will also review your insurance policy, help to maximize your benefit, and file your claims.
Is it required that my family dentist refer me to an orthodontist?
No, it is not.  Many of our patients are referred by their family dentist, yet many other patients take the initiative to schedule an examination themselves.
How long will it take to complete treatment?
Treatment time obviously depends on each patient’s specific orthodontic problem.  In general, treatment times range from 12 to 30 months.  The “average” time a person is in braces is approximately 22 months.
Will my teeth straighten out as they grow?
No, they will not.  The space available for the front teeth does not increase as you grow.  In most people, after the permanent molars erupt, the space available for the front teeth decreases with age.
Will I need to have teeth extracted for braces?
Removing teeth is sometimes required to achieve the best orthodontic result.  Straight teeth and a balanced facial profile are the goal of orthodontics.  However, because new technology has provided advanced orthodontic procedures, removing teeth is not always necessary for orthodontic treatment.
Can orthodontic correction occur while a child has baby teeth?
Yes.  Some orthodontic problems are significant enough to require early intervention.  However, if a patient is not yet ready for treatment, we will follow that patient’s growth and development until the time is right for treatment to begin.
How often will I have appointments?
Appointments are scheduled according to each patient’s needs.  Most patients in braces will be seen every 5 to 10 weeks.  If there are specific situations that require more frequent monitoring, we will schedule appointments accordingly.
Can I schedule all of my appointments after school?
Unfortunately, we cannot schedule all appointments for students during after-school hours.  However, because most appointments are scheduled 5 to 10 weeks apart, most patients will miss minimal school due to their orthodontic treatment. We will, however, make a sincere effort to meet your scheduling needs.
Can I drop my child off for an appointment?
Yes. We understand your busy schedule, and we are happy to help you make the most of your time.  On some occasions, we may request to speak with a parent when they return, so we ask that parents check in with our receptionist before dropping off their child.
Is it too late to have braces if I am already an adult?
A surprising percentage of our patients are adults.  In fact, 25% of all orthodontic patients are adults.  Health, happiness, and self-esteem are vitally important to adults.  No patient is “too old” to wear braces!
Can I wear braces even though I have crowns and missing teeth?
Yes.  A tooth with a crown will move just like a tooth with a simple filling.  When teeth are missing, orthodontic treatment will aid in the alignment of the remaining teeth.
Why should you choose an orthodontic specialist?
Teeth and usually entire facial structures are permanently changed by orthodontic treatment.  It is important that the treatment be appropriate and properly completed.  Orthodontic specialists have extensive and specialized training that enables them to provide their patients with professional, personalized treatments.  For more information, please watch the video Why an Orthodontist.
What is Phase I (early) Treatment?
Phase I treatment, if necessary, is usually initiated on children between the ages of 7 and 10.  Phase I treatment lasts about 12-21 months.  The primary objective for Phase I treatment is to address significant problems to prevent them from becoming more severe and to improve self-esteem and self-image.
Will my child need full braces if he/she has Phase I treatment?
It is best to assume that your child will need full  braces even after Phase I treatment.  The period following Phase I treatment is called the “resting period,” during which growth and tooth eruption are closely monitored.  Throughout this period, parents and patients will be kept informed of future treatment recommendations.
Will my child need an expander?
At the completion of the initial examination, we will determine whether a patient will need an expander.
Can I return to school the day I receive my braces?
Yes.  There is no reason to miss school because of an orthodontic appointment.
Do braces hurt?
Generally, braces do not “hurt.”  After certain visits, teeth may be sore for a few days.  In these situations, Tylenol will ease the discomfort.  However, after most visits, patients do not feel any soreness at all!  We often remind our patients, “It does not have to hurt to work!”
Are there foods I cannot eat while I have braces?
Yes.  Once treatment begins, we will explain the complete instructions and provide a comprehensive list of foods to avoid. Some of those foods include ice, hard candy, raw vegetables, and all sticky foods (i.e. caramel and taffy).  You can avoid most emergency appointments to repair broken or damaged braces by carefully following our instructions.
How often should I brush my teeth while in braces?
Patients should brush their teeth at least four times each day: after each meal and before going to bed.  We show patients how to floss their teeth with braces and also recommend a special fluoride rinse.
Do I need to see my family dentist while in braces?
Yes!  Regular checkups with your family dentist are important while in braces.  Your family dentist will determine the intervals between cleaning appointments (usually every six months) while you are in braces.  In order to obtain a thorough cleaning, we will remove the patient’s archwires before the cleaning and replace them after the cleaning.
Can I still play sports?
Yes.  We recommend a mouthguard for all sports.
Do you give shots?
No.  Shots are not necessary in orthodontic treatment.
Do you use recycled braces?
Absolutely not!  It is our belief that each patient should be provided with their own braces to achieve the best orthodontic result possible.
What is an emergency appointment? How are those handled?
If your braces are causing extreme pain, or if something breaks, you should call our office.  In most cases we can address these issues over the telephone.  If you require an emergency appointment, we will set aside additional time for you.